NCERT Prescribed Textbook
1. Fundamentals of Human Geography
2. India- People and Economy
3. Practical work in Geography- Part II
CBSE Class 12th Geography Course Structure 2023-24
Book 1: Fundamental of Human Geography
Book 2: India- People and Economy
Book 3: Geography Part II
CBSE Class 12th Detailed Geography Syllabus 2023-24
Book- Fundamental of Human Geography
Chapter 1- Human Geography
- Define the time period human geography
- Elucidate the Interdependence between Nature and Human beings.
- State the fields and subfields of Human Geography and its relation with different branches of Social Sciences.
- Differentiate between Environmental Determinism and Possibilism.
- Explain Neo-determinism with examples from actual life.
Chapter 2- The World Population-distribution, density and progress
- Calculate density of inhabitants, beginning fee and demise fee.
- Name and outline the elements chargeable for inhabitants change.
- Understand the levels of inhabitants progress on this planet utilizing Demographic Transition Theory.
- Suggest measures to regulate inhabitants progress.
- Define the next phrases: Growth of inhabitants, Natural progress of inhabitants, Positive progress of inhabitants, Negative progress of inhabitants.
Chapter 3- Human improvement
- Differentiate between progress and improvement
- Explain the three primary indicators of human improvement and measure the extent of Human Development.
- Describe Human Development Index printed by UNDP.
- Compare HDI with the Human Poverty Index.
- Explain the important thing pillars of human improvement with examples.
- Compare Income strategy, Welfare strategy, Basic Needs strategy and functionality strategy to know the idea Human Development.
- To classes nations on the premise of their HDI and clarify their traits.
Chapter 4- Primary Activities
- Define the next phrases: Economic actions, Primary actions, Red Collar Worker, Pastoral Nomadism.
- Explain meals gathering as an financial exercise.
- Distinguish between pastoral nomadism and business livestock rearing.
- Differentiate between primitive subsistence and intensive subsistence farming.
- Describe the attribute options of plantation agriculture as a sort of business farming.
- Analyse why there may be low yield per acre however excessive yield per particular person in areas of intensive grain cultivation.
- Compare and distinction the farming practices within the developed city areas of the world.
- Analyse how the mannequin of Kolkhoz launched within the erstwhile USSR boosted agricultural manufacturing.
- Examine the explanations for the success of cooperative farming in European nations.
- Differentiate between open solid mining and shaft mining.
- Discuss how mining can have an effect on people and the setting.
Chapter 5- Secondary Activities
- Explain key ideas akin to, massive-scale manufacturing, excessive expertise trade, organizational arrange, foot-unfastened industries, Agri enterprise and so on.
- Identify and clarify the elements affecting the placement of an trade.
- Differentiate between differing types of industries on the premise of measurement, uncooked materials, possession and output.
- Differentiate between cottage trade and small scale trade.
- Explain the significance of excessive tech industries and motive for them being interested in the peripheral areas of main metropolitan cities.
- Compare massive scale trade and fashionable excessive tech trade with examples
- Understands and analyses the interrelationship between.
Chapter 6- Tertiary and Quaternary Activities
- Compare and distinction conventional and fashionable financial actions.
- Students correlate tertiary actions and their function within the financial improvement of a rustic.
- Describe differing types of tertiary actions.
- Discuss differing types of buying and selling centres present in rural and concrete areas and the function performed by them within the native financial system.
- Describe quinary actions and its function in superior economies.
- Discuss how tertiary, quaternary and quinary actions have changed jobs in main and secondary sectors.
- Define the next phrases: BPO, Outsourcing, KPO, Departmental Store, Chain Store, Wholesale buying and selling.
Chapter 7- Transport and Communication
- Compare and distinction varied modes of transport.
- Explain the connection of transport and communication networks to financial improvement of a area.
- Describe the most important highways and main rail networks of totally different continents.
- Discuss the placement and financial significance of Trans Siberian Railway, Trans Canadian Railway, The Union and Pacific Railway and Trans Australian Railway.
- Describe the placement and the financial significance of the most important sea routes of the world.
- Discuss how the Suez Canal and Panama Canal function main gateways of commerce for each the japanese and the western world.
- Discuss how the trendy communication techniques have made the idea of world village a actuality.
Chapter 8- International Trade
- Define worldwide commerce and describe the way it impacts varied nations.
- Describe the premise of International Trade.
- Discuss sorts of and points of International commerce.
- Explain the time period Dumping, Trade liberalisation and Globalisation.
- Discuss the influence of WTO on present world commerce.
- Evaluate how worldwide commerce might be detrimental to some nations.
- Analyse how sea ports act as chief gateways of International commerce.
Book- India- People and Economy
Chapter 1- Population: Distribution, Density, Growth and Composition
- Differentiate between distribution of inhabitants and density of inhabitants.
- Define: Physiological Density, Agricultural Density, Population doubling time, Working Population, Participation Rate, Main Worker, Marginal Worker, Rural Population, Urban Population, Adolescent Population.
- Discuss the elements chargeable for uneven distribution of inhabitants in India.
- Explain tendencies of inhabitants progress in India since 1901.
- Describe rural-city inhabitants composition, spiritual composition linguistic composition and sectoral composition of workforce in India.
- Discuss the occupational construction of India’s inhabitants.
Chapter 2- Human Settlements
- Differentiate between rural and concrete settlement.
- Describe the elements that govern the kinds of rural settlement in India.
- Compare and distinction clustered, semi clustered, Hamleted and dispersed settlement with examples.
- Describe the evolution of cities in India since prehistoric occasions.
- Classify cities on the premise of their capabilities.
Chapter 3- Land Resources and Agriculture
- Name and outline the land use classes.
- Compare the Changes in shares of Land-use Categories in India between 1950 and 2014.
- Discuss the significance of widespread property assets for the group.
- Compare dryland and Wetland farming and consider its significance.
- Compare the geographical circumstances required for the expansion of the next crops and their distribution/rising areas.
- Rice, Wheat, Jowar, Pulses, Oilseeds, Cotton, Jute, Sugarcane, Tea, Coffee
- Evaluate technological developments which have taken place in Indian agriculture since Independence.
- Discuss the challenges confronted by the Indian farmers and counsel measures to beat them.
Chapter 4- Water Resources
- Describes the accessible water assets in India.
- Evaluates the water demand and provide in India.
- Discuss the explanations for water shortage within the nation.
- Discuss water assets in India, its geographical distribution, sectoral utilization, and strategies of its conservation and administration.
- Recognize varied rising water issues and analyse the causes for deterioration of high quality of water.
- Evaluate the scope to make use of rainwater harvesting strategies to preserve treasured water assets.
Chapter 5- Mineral and power assets
- Classify minerals on the premise of chemical and bodily properties.
- Describe the most important mineral belts of India and mark them on a top level view map of India.
- Describe differing types of nonconventional mineral assets.
- Analyse why renewable power assets would be the future supply of assets.
- Suggest measures to preserve our non-renewable assets.
- On a top level view political Map of India mark and label the next:
a. Iron-ore mines: Mayurbhanj, Bailadila, Ratnagiri, Bellary
b. Manganese mines: Balaghat, Shimoga
c. Copper mines: Hazaribagh, Singhbhum, Khetari
d. Bauxite mines: Katni, Bilaspur and Koraput
e. Coal mines: Jharia, Bokaro, Raniganj, Neyveli
f. Oil Refineries: Mathura, Jamnager, Barauni
Chapter 6- Planning and sustainable improvement in Indian Context
- Develop an understanding about varied sorts of planning.
- Justify the necessity for goal areas and goal teams planning by the Planning Commission with examples.
- Explains the goals and approaches of the Hill Area Development Programme, Drought inclined space Programme.
- Critically consider the goals and social advantages of ITDP within the Bharmaur tribal area.
- Evaluate the measures that may be taken to advertise sustainable improvement within the Indira Gandhi Canal Command Area.
Chapter 7- Transport and communication
- Develops an understanding about varied means of transport being utilized in totally different components of India.
- Analyse the influence of the bodily setting on improvement of varied modes in several areas.
- Describe differing types of highways discovered in several components of our nation.
- Discuss the function of Indian Railways within the progress of India’s financial system with deal with latest technological developments.
- Describe the 5 National Waterways of our nation.
- Discuss the function of OIL and Gail in improvement of fuel pipelines in India.
- Discuss causes for the state smart variation in highway density in India.
- Elucidate the influence of fashionable communication networks in our life.
- Mark and label the next on a top level view political map of India: Terminal stations of north south hall, East west hall & golden quadrilateral.
Chapter 8- International Trade
- Give causes for altering the sample of the composition of India’s import and export.
- Discuss the methods adopted by India to double its share in worldwide commerce.
- Evaluate the function of sea ports as gateways of worldwide commerce with examples.
- Mark and label the most important sea ports and airports on a top level view map of India.
- Major Sea Ports: Kandla, Mumbai, Marmagao, Kochi, Mangalore, Tuticorin, Chennai, Visakhapatnam, Paradwip, Haldia.
- International Air ports: Ahmedabad, Mumbai, Bengaluru, Chennai, Kolkata, Guwahati, Delhi, Amritsar, Thiruvananthapuram & Hyderabad.
Chapter 9- Geographical Perspective on chosen points
- Classify sorts of air pollution primarily based on the medium by means of which pollution are transported and subtle.
- Explain varied sources of air pollution and summarise the state of water, air, land and noise air pollution in India.
- Analyse the agricultural-city migration and its function in air pollution.
- Describe the well being and social issues of slum dwellers with regards to Dharavi.
- Describe the pure and human causes of land degradation and counsel measures to regulate land degradation in India.
- Suggest measures to regulate differing types of air pollution and consider the effectiveness of the Swachh Bharat Mission.
- Discuss the issues associated to city waste disposal and counsel measures to transform waste into wealth.
Book 3: Geography Part II
Chapter 1- Data its supply and compilation
- Define knowledge.
- Differentiate between main and secondary sources of knowledge.
- List a number of sources of knowledge.
Chapter 2- Data Processing
- Calculate the imply rainfall of your metropolis.
- List ten Himalayan peaks with their heights.
- Calculate the median peak utilizing the information.
Chapter 3- Representation of Data
- Construct a line graph to signify the expansion fee of Population in India 1901-2011.
- Construct a polygraph to check the expansion of intercourse ratio in several states.
- Construct a line and bar graph to signify the typical month-to-month rainfall and temperature of Delhi.
- Construct a a number of bar diagram to signify decadal literacy fee, male literacy and feminine literacy.
- Draw a pie diagram to point out India’s export to main areas of the world 2010-2011.
- Construct a dot map to point out India’s Population 2011.
- Construct a choropleth map to point out state smart variation in inhabitants density.
Chapter 4- Spatial Information Technology
- Explain what’s Spatial.
- Information Technology or GIS.
- Describe the benefits of GIS over handbook strategies.
- Components of GIS.
- Spatial Data codecs:
- Raster knowledge format
- Vector knowledge format.
- Spatial Analysis: Overlay and Buffer Analysis.
Frequently Asked Questions(FAQ’s)
- How can I put together for CBSE Class 12th Geography Syllabus 2023-24?
Here are some ideas that will help you put together for CBSE Class 12th Geography Syllabus 2023: Understand the syllabus completely and create a research plan, Use reference books and research supplies to complement your studying, Practice earlier yr query papers and pattern papers, Prepare notes for essential matters, Focus on understanding the ideas and never simply memorizing them, Use maps and diagrams to know the topic higher, Attend lessons usually and make clear doubts along with your academics, Stay up to date with the newest information and developments associated to the topic and Stay calm and targeted throughout the examination and handle your time successfully.
- What is the format of the CBSE Class 12th Geography examination?
The CBSE Class 12th Geography examination will likely be within the following format: Section A: Objective Type Questions – 20 marks, Section B: Short Answer Questions – 30 marks and Section C: Long Answer and Map Work – 20+20 marks.
- What is CBSE Class 12th Geography Syllabus 2023-24?
CBSE Class 12th Geography Syllabus 2023 is the course define for the Geography topic for the tutorial yr 2023-2024 for sophistication 12th college students learning below the Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE) in India.
- What is the examination sample for CBSE Class 12th Geography 2023-24?
The CBSE Class 12th Geography examination sample for 2023 features a written examination for 70 marks and sensible work for 30 marks. The written examination will consist of 3 hours and may have two components: Part A and Part B. Part A may have 35 marks and can embrace a number of-selection questions, quick-reply questions, and case research. Part B may have 35 marks and can embrace lengthy-reply questions.
- What are some good reference books for CBSE Class 12th Geography 2023-24?
Some good reference books for CBSE Class 12th Geography examination are: Fundamentals of Physical Geography by NCERT, India: Physical Environment by NCERT, Human Geography by Majid Husain, Economic and Commercial, Geography of India by Sharma and Cottingham, Geography of Population by R.C. Chandna, Certificate Physical and Human Geography by Goh Cheng Leong, Indian Economic Geography by C.B. Memoria and World Regional Geography by Lydia M.
- What are the principle matters coated in CBSE Class 12th Geography syllabus for 2023-24?
The CBSE Class 12th Geography syllabus for 2023 covers a variety of matters, together with bodily geography, human geography, and map work. Some of the principle matters embrace: Fundamentals of Physical Geography, India: Location, Climate, and Natural Vegetation, Landforms and their Evolution Climate, Water within the Atmosphere, World Climate and Climate Change, Biodiversity and Conservation, Human Geography, Population: Distribution, Density, Growth, and Composition, Migration: Types, Causes, and Consequences, Human Development, Primary Activities, Secondary Activities, Tertiary and Quaternary Activities, Transport and Communication, International Trade and Geographical Perspective on Selected Issues and Problems.